Category: Dogs

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus is a medical condition where the cat has too much sugar in their blood, this excessive sugar level is caused by a deficiency of the hormone insulin which is secreted by the pancreas. Without insulin, the body can’t process and breakdown glucose in the blood resulting in high blood sugar levels. Diabetes is very common in cats, especially in old age.

Signs of diabetes:

Polyuria – urinating too much
Polydipsia – drinking too much
Weight loss despite polyphagia – increased appetite
Lethargy

How is diabetes mellitus diagnosed?

Diabetes mellitus is diagnosed by identifying clinical signs as well as monitoring the concentration of blood sugar levels and the presence of glucose in the cat’s urine. A single test is not always accurate therefore secondary testing is often performed to ensure correct diagnoses.

How is diabetes mellitus treated?

A long term commitment is required when treating diabetes, but it can be successfully managed.

After diabetes is diagnosed, initial steps are taken in an attempt to remove any obvious causes of the disease, these can include tackling obesity or stopping prescription drugs. However, in cases where there are no pre-disposing causes then most cats will require insulin injections administered by their owner.

It is important that you consult regularly with your vet to ensure the diabetes is being managed successfully or whether any adjustments are needed in the insulin dosage.

Cystitis and Lower Urinary Tract Disease

Cystitis is the inflammation of the urinary bladder, when cats develop diseases of the lower urinary tract (bladder and urethra) they are called ‘feline lower urinary tract diseases’.

What are the signs of feline lower urinary tract disease?

Frequent urination
Difficulty in urinating
Blood in urine

What causes the disease?

Cats can develop this disease without any identifiable underlying cause however it can be caused by bladder stones, bacterial infections, tumours or anatomical abnormalities.

How is the disease treated?

The treatment will depend on the individual cat and the underlying cause however the most beneficial treatment is to increase the cats fluid intake, usually by feeding the cat tinned foods (wet foods) rather than dry, the cat should also be encouraged to drink more water.

How can it be prevented?

It is very hard to prevent this disease but it is more common in cats that fail to drink water regularly. It is also more common in multiple cat households and cats that are inactive and overweight. Pets owners can help prevent this disease by feeding a healthy diet and promoting exercise. It is also beneficial to feed cats that seldom drink water some wet food in their diet.

Antihistamines

What are Antihistamines?

Antihistamines are prescribed to pets to prevent itching or to manage cats that over groom or scratch themselves. Antihistamines can also be useful to treat respiratory conditions or to sedate prior to car travel.

I have heard that this drug can have side effects, how will this affect my pet?

Almost all drugs have potential side effects (for humans and animals) but your vet would not prescribe any drug that has a high risk of side effects without informing you. Antihistamines affect animals in different ways, they can cause drowsiness to some while others may experience a dry mouth and retain urine for longer than usual. If you notice anything unusual contact Wellpets immediately.

Anti-freeze Poisoning

Anti-freeze is a widely used solution made with Ethylene Glycol. Although poisonous, many cats and dogs find the taste of anti-freeze very attractive, however even if a small amount of anti-freeze is consumed it can result in acute kidney failure or even death. Statistically in the UK more cats are poisoned by anti-freeze mainly because of easier access to open garages and sheds where anti-freeze is easily accessible.

What attracts cats and dogs to antifreeze?

Cats and dogs like the sweet taste of Enthylene Glycol.

The side effects anti-freeze poisoning

The first signs of anti-freeze poisoning include depression, vomiting and lack of co-ordination. The animal will then experience muscle spasms followed by acute renal (kidney) failure.

What can I do?

If you suspect your pet has been in contact with anti-freeze call Wellpets immediately. Drugs are available to combat Ethylene Glycol in the blood stream but they need to be administered quickly as they are only effective if taken before irreversible kidney damage occurs.

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